Category Archives: Machine learning

My bird song classifier

In this post I describe the neural network architecture that I try as a bird song classifier.

Intro

When I first came up with an idea of building a bird song classifier I started to google for the training dataset.
I found xeno-canto.org and the first thing that caught my attention was spectrograms.
spectorgram
(Sepctrogram is visual representation of how spectrum evolves through time. The vertical axis reflects frequency, the horizontal represents time. Bright pixels on the spectrogram indicate that for this particular time there is a signal of this particular frequency)

Well, spectrograms are ideal for visual pattern matching!
Why do I need to analyse sound when we have such expressive visual patterns of songs? That was my thoughts.
I decided to train neural net to classify spectrograms.

Continue reading My bird song classifier

Multilayer perceptron learning capacity

In this post I demonstrate how the capacity (e.g. classifier variance) changes in multilayer perceptron classifier with the change of hidden layer units.
As a training data I use MNIST dataset published on Kaggle as a training competition.
The network is multiclass classifier with single hidden layer, sigmoid activation.

Multi-class logarithmic loss

loss function achieved

The plot shows the minimum value of loss function achieved across different training runs.
Each dot in the figure corresponds to a separate training run finished by stucking in some minimum of the loss function.
You may see that the training procedure can stuck in the local minimum regardless of the hidden units number.
This means that one needs to carry out many training runs in order to figure out real network architecture learning capacity.
The lower boundary of the point cloud depicts the learning capacity. We can see that learning capacity slowly rises as we increase the number of hidden layer units.

Classification accuracy

Learning capacity is also reflected into the achieved accuracy.

Accuracy acieved

In this plot, as in the previous one, each of the dot is separate finished training run.
But in this one Y-axis depicts classification accuracy.
Interesting that the network with even 10 units can correctly classify more than a half of the images.
It is also surprising for me that the best models cluster together forming a clear gap between them and others.
Can you see the empty space stride?
Is this some particular image feature that is ether captured or not?